Troeltsch, Ernst

   philosopher, historian, and theologian; one of the foremost proponents of historicism (Historismus). The eldest son of a physician, he was born near Augsburg. He began his studies at Erlangen in 1884, took his doctorate under Gottingen's Albrecht Ritschl, and was appointed Privatdozent in 1890 at the same university. Much inspired by Paul de Lagarde, he came to believe that he might revolutionize theology through the application of history. He was named ausserordentlicher Professor at Bonn in 1892 and became Professor of Systematic Theology in 1894 at Heidelberg. His eloquence was renowned. Georg Wünsch, a Heidelberg student, claimed that he "lectured in such a colorful, captivating way that one's breath stood still" (Pauck). World War I inspired his interest in politics, but triggered a conflict with his friend Max Weber* that led him to transfer in 1915 to Berlin.*
   Troeltsch was soon linked with such colleagues as Adolf von Harnack,* Friedrich Meinecke,* and Hans Delbrück,* all advocating extensive social and political reforms, warning against excessive nationalism, and eventually pressing for Prinz Max* von Baden's appointment as Chancellor. Upon Germany's col-lapse, Troeltsch wrote that the catastrophe was "only the delayed consequence of our inner weakening since the death of Hegel"—a reference to his belief in the power of Spirit to shape history. A founder of the DDP, he was elected to the Prussian assembly in January 1919 and served as undersecretary in the Prus-sian Cultural Ministry. His ideas on schools and churches were incorporated into the Prussian constitution.
   Theologically liberal, Troeltsch viewed Christianity not as divine revelation but as a manifestation of religion. His theology blended Weber's sociology with a historicist belief that value judgments, like history itself, are never fixed. Under Weber's influence he became interested in religious sociology, arguing that Christianity was but one religion among several—a perspective that alienated the ecclesiastical authorities. His final book was Der Historismus und seine Probleme (Historicism and its problems, 1922), a primary text on the philosophy of history.
   REFERENCES:H. Stuart Hughes, Consciousness and Society; Pauck, Harnack and Troeltsch; Fritz Ringer, Decline of the German Mandarins.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

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  • Troeltsch, Ernst — ▪ German theologian Introduction born Feb. 17, 1865, Haunstetten, near Augsburg, Bavaria died Feb. 1, 1923, Berlin  German scholar of considerable influence on younger theologians of his time for his insistence that the Christian church… …   Universalium

  • Troeltsch, Ernst — (1865–1923)    Theologian.    Troeltsch was born in Augsburg, Germany, and he taught at the Universities of Göttingen, Bonn, Heidelberg and Berlin. He also served for a time in the Ministry of Education. He is remembered for his Die Absolutheit… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Troeltsch, Ernst — (1865 1923) A German philosopher and theologian, contemporary and close friend of Max Weber, who also made a major contribution to the sociology of religion (see his The Social Teaching of the Christian Churches, 1911, and Protestantism and… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • TROELTSCH, Ernst — (1865 1923)    LIBERAL German theologian who devoted him energies to the problems raised for RELIGION by the scientific method applied to HISTORY and the question of CHRISTIANITY an CULTURE. He denied that dogmatic THEOLOGY has access to ABSOLUTE …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Troeltsch — Troeltsch, Ernst …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Ernst troeltsch — Naissance 17 février 1865 Augsburg Haunstetten Décès 1er février …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Troeltsch — Ernst Troeltsch Ernst Troeltsch Naissance 17 février 1865 Augsburg Haunstetten Décès 1er février …   Wikipédia en Français

  • TROELTSCH (E.) — TROELTSCH ERNST (1865 1923) Théologien et philosophe allemand. La pensée de Troeltsch se forma, pendant ses années d’études à Erlangen et à Göttingen, au contact de l’idéalisme de Gustav Class, du leibnizianisme de H. Lotze, du moralisme d’A.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ernst Troeltsch — Prof. Ernst Troeltsch Ernst Troeltsch (* 17. Februar 1865 in Haunstetten; † 1. Februar 1923 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Theologe, Kulturphilosoph und liberaler Politiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ernst Troeltsch Gesellschaft — Die Ernst Troeltsch Gesellschaft e.V. ist ein internationaler Zusammenschluss von Wissenschaftlern aus verschiedenen Disziplinen, insbesondere Theologen, Religionswissenschaftler, Kulturwissenschaftler, Historiker, Philosophen und Soziologen. Sie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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